Chronic kidney disease

中卓醫務-香港疾病資訊
Disease Information

Disease Information

The main function of kidney is to filter blood impurities, coordinate water and electrolytes, etc., and produce urine. Accumulation of body wastes occurs with other health problems induced once the kidney function is affected by the disease.

Chronic kidney disease

What is chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease refers to the irreversible decline of renal function, which is commonly caused by diabetes, glomerulitis, and hypertension, etc. Chronic kidney disease can be divided into the following stages:

- Renal insufficiency: 51% - 80% normal renal function

- Renal weakness: only 25% - 50% renal function

- Renal failure: only 15% - 25% renal function

- End stage renal disease: less than 10-15% renal function

Impact on patients

Renal failure, hypertension, anemia, cardiovascular disease, renal osteodystrophy, death, etc.

Diagnosis methods

Urine test, blood test, ultrasonography, intravenous pyelography, renal biopsy, etc.

Treatment methods

Hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, kidney transplantation, etc.