Lung cancer

中卓醫務-香港疾病資訊
Disease Information

Disease Information

Cancer is caused by uncontrolled growth of body cells, with which the malignant cells invade and metastasize to different parts of the body. Specialists of medical oncology mainly treat cancer with medication, but also cooperate with other healthcare specialists such as clinical oncologists, surgeons, radiotherapists to fight cancers with patients.

Lung cancer

What is lung cancer

Lung cancer can be divided into two main categories, namely small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. Lung cancer affects lung function so that oxygen cannot be delivered to organs of the body normally.

Risk factors

Smoking or inhaling second-hand smoke, air pollution, inhaling radon, exposure to chemicals (e.g. asbestos, arsenic, chromium, etc.), family history, etc.

Common symptoms

Persistent cough, sputum with blood, pain during coughing or deep breathing, loss of appetite, weight loss, etc.

Diagnosis methods

Chest X-ray, bronchoscopy, mediastinoscopy, sputum cell examination, lung biopsy, computed tomography, etc.

Treatment methods

Surgical resection, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, etc., and medication relieving patients' discomfort caused by cancer or treatment.